The Raman Research Institute was founded in 1948 by the Indian physicist and Nobel Laureate, Sir C V Raman, to continue his studies and basic research after he retired from the Indian Institute of Science. Sir C V Raman served as its director carrying on his personal research until his demise in 1970. It was funded personally by him and with donations from private sources.
Library has books on Computer Science, Electronics, scientific biographies, general science, nature and fine arts. It has also a collection of non-book materials like scientific slides, CD-ROMs, DVDs and audio and video tapes.