Government Autonomous College, Phulbani, established in the year 1960, is situated in the heart of a backward tribal district, Kandhamal in Odisha. It was a premier Institution in the erstwhile tribal district of Boudh and Phulbani under the nomenclature of Government Science College Phulbani. The College was originally affiliated to Utkal University, Bhubaneswar with subject affiliation of all major subjects in the faculties of Arts and Science. After the establishment of Berhampur University in 1967 in the South Zone of Odisha, the College was affiliated to this University under the nomenclature of Government College, Phulbani.
Library : The College Library at present has got three broad divisions.(i) The general section consisting of 30,350 volumes.(ii) The Book Bank consisting 4,500 volumes.(iii) In addition, the college subscribes about 25 journals and periodicals.
Various types of scholarships have been instituted by the college for encouraging the meritorious students.