The Department of Linguistics, founded by the late Professor S.M. Katre in 1939, is the oldest Department of modern Linguistics in India. From 1939 to 1956 the Department functioned as a Research Department known as the Department of Indo-European Linguistics, awarding Ph.D. Degrees and conducting research projects. M.A. Linguistics programme began in 1958. The Department has played a pioneering role in developing modern Linguistics in India. In 2008 the Department celebrated the Golden Jubilee of the first Post-Graduation programme in Linguistics in India. In 2011 the Department was selected by the UGC for the award of the Special Assistance Programme (SAP).
Library:The Deccan College Library is rated as the best library in India in the fields of Archaeology, Sanskrit and Linguistics. It is being managed by the Library Committee under the chairpersonship of Hon'ble Vice-Chancellor
Museum:The University has an exclusive museum on Indian Archaeology. Also there is a specialized Maratha History Museum. Both these museums provide tools for research, training and outreach programme.