Tuesday, July 16, 2024
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Chemistry as a career : Introduction

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As Chemistry is the study of the nature, properties and composition of matter, and how these undergo changes, it is referred to as the Central Science. Chemistry is the science about basic structure of substances, i.e what they are made of, how they interact and what role they play in living things. Those working in this field are usually called chemists. These people study the numerous compositions of matter and its related properties. Chemists search for new information about matter and the ways this information can be applied.

It is vital to every aspect of ones life. Everything you hear, see, smell, taste, and touch involves chemistry and chemicals (matter). Chemistry plays a great role even in the air you breathe, the food you eat and the clothes you wear. Chemistry is all around us. There is a saying that, the better we know chemistry, the better we know our world.

There are various branches/ specialisations in chemistry. Usually most of the chemists specialize in more than one area depending on the specialization they have chosen. Some of the specialisations are Agrochemistry, Analytical chemistry, Astrochemistry, Biochemistry, Chemical Engineering, Environmental chemistry, Food chemistry, Inorganic chemistry, Organic chemistry, Nuclear chemistry, Physical chemistry etc. Agrochemistry or agricultural chemistry deals with the application of chemistry for agricultural production, food processing, and environmental remediation as a result of agriculture. Analytical chemistry is the branch of chemistry involved with studying the properties of materials or developing tools to analyze materials. Astrochemistry is the study of the composition and reactions of the chemical elements and molecules found in the stars and in space. Biochemistry is the branch of chemistry concerned with the chemical reactions that occur inside living organisms. Chemical engineering involves the practical application of chemistry to solve problems. Environmental chemistry is the chemistry associated with soil, air, and water and of human impact on natural systems. Inorganic chemistry is the branch of chemistry that deals with the structure and interactions between inorganic compounds, i.e compounds that aren't based in carbon-hydrogen bonds. Organic chemistry is a branch of chemistry deals with the chemistry of carbon and living things. Nuclear chemistry is the branch of chemistry associated with nuclear reactions and isotopes. Physical chemistry is the branch of chemistry that applies physics to the study of chemistry. Examples of physical chemistry are Quantum mechanics and thermodynamics.


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