Electrical Engineering
Sunday, June 13, 2021
Education & Career
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Electrical Engineering : Job Prospects & Career Options

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Scope in electrical engineering lie in the areas of generating electricity, its distribution and transmission. As everything from house to industry requires electricity to function, there are tremendous career prospects in this field in India as well as in other developed countries across the world. Globalisation has also created huge demand for technically qualified engineers to keep pace with growing industrial needs. In short electrical engineering has a wide scope of applicability and it varies depending upon different needs.

Different types of employers offer jobs to electrical engineers. Employers range from computer-technology corporations and chemical companies to power and telephone companies. Both small and large companies in the private sector and the government sector offer placement for electrical engineers. Electrical engineers can find employment in Electrical equipment and systems manufacturing companies, Power generation and transmission, Telecommunication, Railways, IT industry, Health care equipment manufacturing industry, public sector industries like petroleum, steel and chemical industry, Research and design etc.

Electrical graduates are employed in Electricity Boards/Utility companies and large industries as engineers and managers, responsible for installation, maintenance, operation of power handling equipments and systems. Industries manufacturing large electrical machines and equipments employ engineers in design, production and testing. Electrical engineers also find employment in atomic power plants, hydroelectric power plants as well as thermal power plants. Many electrical engineering graduates opt for careers in the food, pulp and paper, chemical, aircraft and automobile industries.

Educational Institutions and Research establishments recruit electrical engineers as faculty and scientists. One can also do research work in this field by joining research labs and institutes. Teaching career is also rewarding. They can join an engineering college/university as a full time or part time lecturer/professor. They can also enter into self employment by starting own ventures.

As an Electrical Engineer, entry for junior posts in the Government departments is by direct recruitment through advertisements in newspapers. Selection to Gazetted posts is through  competitive examinations conducted by Union and State Public Service Commission. UPSC conducts an Engineering Service Examination annually for vacancies in Central Engineering Services and various State Public Service commissions conduct their own competitive Exams for vacancies in State engineering services.

Young engineers have chances in the Defence Services also. For selection into the Defence Services- Indian Army, Indian Air Force, Indian Navy, applications are invited through National dailies and Employment News.


Pay scale of an electrical engineer depends on experience, higher qualification and capabilities. Fresh graduates from elite technological institutions like Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs), National Institutes of Technology (NITs) and Birla Institute of Technology get more remuneration as compared to others. The average starting monthly salary of electrical engineering graduates in India ranges between Rs. 15,000 – Rs.25,000. Whereas those with M.Tech can expect much more.

Senior electrical engineers with more than five years of working experience can earn between Rs. 35,000 to Rs. 80,000 per month. The pay-package in foreign countries is much higher as compared to India.


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