Friday, December 8, 2023
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Museology : Introduction

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As we all know, a museum houses and cares for a collection of artifacts and other objects of scientific, artistic or historical importance and exhibits them for public viewing. They give us a peep into the past and acquaints us with era's, even dating back to the prehistoric age. They are the embodiment of our heritage- a depiction of the qualities, traditions, features of life that have been continued over many years and passed on from one generation to another. The sociological and educational role of museums has evolved over the years, making museums more varied and imaginative. Museums are classified as art museums, history museums which include archaeological museums, and science and technological museums, maritime museums, military and war museums and so on.

Museology (also called museum studies) is the study of organizing and managing museums and museum collections. In other words, museology is the science of Museums, and museum studies denote academic programs, generally graduate programs, in the management, administration, or theory of museums. Museum being the repositories of our heritage and culture, this career is most suited for those with an analytical bent of mind and those who love or have an interest to know about the past. It is a profession where history is revealed not through history books but first hand through solid artifacts of history lined across museum walls. It ensures that our precious heritage and culture are not only well-preserved but also made attractive and accessible to the layman. One who is responsible for museum management is called museologist. 

In a nutshell, a proper understanding of the past and disseminating information about it is the work of a museologist. Museology an allied subject of Archeology teaches museum ogranisation and management including collection, documentation and research, exhibition of contents, conservation and preservation, museum security and administration as well as museum architecture. Some years ago, museology was connected only with archaeology, art and paintings, but in recent years it has begun to represent many other aspects such as anthropology, arms and armour, numismatics, epigraphy, jewellery etc. 


   archaeological career , research career

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