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The Central Reserve Police Force alias CRPF is one of the oldest, largest and most experienced Armed Police Forces of the country. It functions under the aegis of Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) of the Government of India. The Central Reserve Police Force came into existence as Crown Representative’s Police on 27th July 1939. It became the Central Reserve Police Force on enactment of the CRPF Act on 28th December 1949, after Independence. The primary responsibility of the Force is to help states in management of internal security and riot control. Rapid Action Force (RAP) is a specialised wing of CRPF, which was especially raised for countering terrorism and insurgency in 1992. The force has the distinction of having two exclusive 'Mahila' i.e. women battalions.
The demand for this Force from States and Union Territories has substantially increased and this Force has been called upon to help the States in almost every situation. The role of the Force and services rendered by it has extended beyond the nation's borders as well. Over the years CRPF has also produced number of outstanding sportsmen and athletes who have brought honour and appreciation both within and outside the country. Service and Loyalty is the motto of Central Reserve Police Force.
Considered as the largest of India's Central Armed Police Forces, Central Reserve Police Force consists of the following organisational units :
119 Executive Battalions: These Battalions form the bulk of the Central Reserve Police Force. Its basic role is that of a striking reserve force to be placed at the disposal of States and Union Territories for operations of short duration and return to the barracks once the task is accomplished
Two Mahila Battalions: It's one of its kind in the Indian Paramilitary as they consist solely of women. Their role is similar to that of the executive battalions with special emphasis on law and order problems in which women may be involved in large numbers.
Seven Rapid Action Force Battalions: This elite branch of the Central Reserve Police Force deals with riots and related unrest. They are usually placed in communally sensitive areas and have been very successful in dealing with rioters as well as gaining confidence of the minorities.
Five Signals Battalions: They are in charge of maintaining the lines of communications between various battalions.
Special Duty Group: This newly created branch specialises in countering terrorism and insurgency.
Green Force - a specialised outfit of the Central Reserve Police Force. This force is responsible for stopping environmental degradation and sustaining the regeneration of local flora and fauna.
The Head quarters of the Central Reserve Police Force is located at Block No. 1, CGO Complex, Lodhi Road, New Delhi. It is headed by Director General, who is assisted by 3 Addl. Directors General , 5 Inspectors General of Police, a Financial Adviser and Director (Medical).
Various branches in the force head quarters are as under:-
The Administration Directorate is functioning under the overall supervision of IG (Adm). He is assisted by DIG (Adm), DIG (Welfare), DIG (Works), Asstt. Director (Adm/Accts) and Asstt. Director (Legal) and PRO.
The Personnel Directorate is functioning under the overall supervision of IG (Pers). He is assisted by DIG (Pers), DIG (CR & Vig), DIG (Org), DIG (Estt) and DIG (Rectt).
The Training Directorate is functioning under the overall supervision of IG (Training). He is assisted by DIG (Training-I) and DIG (Training-II).
The Operations Directorate is functioning under the overall supervision of IG (OPS). He is assisted by DIG (OPS-I) and DIG (OPS-II).
The Provisioning Directorate is functioning under the overall supervision of IG (Prov & Commn). He is assisted by DIG (Prov) and DIG (MT/Ord) and Asstt. Director (Prov).
The Communication Directorate is functioning under the overall supervision of IG (Prov & Commn). He is assisted by DIG (Comn), DIG (Eqpt ), DIG (Tech) and DIG (IT) .
7) Finance & Accounts
The Finance Branch and Pay & Accounts Office is functioning under the Direct Supervision of FA. He is assisted by Dy.FA & DD(Accounts).
The Medical Branch is functioning under the overall supervision of IG/ Director (Medical). He is assisted by 2 CMO level officers.
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