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Surveying : Eligibility & Course Areas

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Educational :
A bachelor's degree in surveying, civil engineering, forestry or a similar field is required for most surveying positions. B.E./ holders in civil and any other Branch of Engineering, the curriculum of which includes land surveying;or M.Sc. with Mathematics or science, are eligible for the job of a surveyor. A Diploma in civil engineering is also considered for entry level jobs as a surveyor. A sound scientific or technological background is highly desirable. Surveyors must have a thorough knowledge of algebra, basic calculus, geometry and trigonometry. They must also know the laws that deal with surveys, property and contracts. The educational background should include a reasonable standard of physics, mathematics and statistical / analytical reasoning.

Education in surveying deals with the concepts and methodologies of gathering, processing and representing geo-spatial data in a defined form and format. The courses encompass theories and practices in disciplines of geodesy, geo-physics, photogrammetry, land surveying, cartography, reprography etc using the modern tools of data gathering such as GPS, Digital Photogrammetry, laser ranging, remote sensing etc. Indian Institute of Surveying & Mapping conducts various short term as well as long term courses in surveying.

One can be a Surveying engineer, supervisor and technician according to one's qualification. The eligibility for a Surveying Engineer course is Civil Engineering or M.Sc. Mathematics; for a supervisor it is B.Sc. with Mathematics and for a technician it is Intermediate (Plus Two) with Mathematics. A Surveying license is required for practice.

It is mandatory for Valuation or Insurance surveyors to pass the examination of the Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority (IRDA) to obtain a surveyors license. 

The examination is held twice in a year. ( i.e. March/April & October/November). Those trainee surveyors who have completed their training are eligible to appear in these examinations.

Personal Attributes :
A surveyor must have the ability to accurately and precisely record his or her findings and keep records of such findings. Besides having statistical and analytical reasoning skill, they should be meticulous and have an ability to maintain concentration at all times, as carelessness or a lapse in concentration may have drastic consequences in terms of the overall quality, accuracy & efficiency of a survey. Surveyors need good eyesight as they have to visualize objects, distances, sizes, and abstract forms. They must be in a good physical condition because most of their work is outdoor under unfavorable weather conditions. Surveying is a cooperative operation, so good interpersonal skills and the ability to work as part of a team is important. They must have good communication skills, both verbal and written. The ability to read and write legal descriptions is also a valuable supplementary skill for the job. Accuracy, reliability and consistency in data generation is the cardinal principles in Surveying.


Independent surveyors earn more than a surveyor under the pay roll of a company. Location plays a large role in determining the salary for surveyors. The salary package of surveyor jobs for freshers in India vary according to the company as well as location. Branded companies usually maintain a salary slab for freshers. Usually a range of Rs. 1,75,000-2,50,000 per annum is maintained for freshers in India.



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