Disaster Management
Sunday, June 23, 2024
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Disaster Management : Introduction

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Disasters can be defined as some dangerous situation or event that can happen unexpectedly anywhere at anytime. The word disaster originated from the French word 'desastre', which is a combination of words ‘des’ (bad) and ‘aster’ (star) and therefore disaster indicates bad star. Disasters that cause serious threat to normal life, property, environment as well as the process of development may be rapid or slow and can be classified as natural disaster, man-made disaster and hybrid disaster. Natural disasters are those which result from natural forces like earthquakes, floods, tsunami, cyclones, volcanic eruption etc. Man-made disasters like blast, terrible accidents, gas calamity, etc are caused from human beings interaction with artificial environment. Hybrid disasters (eg. epidemics) are those disasters that result from a compound of both natural or man made disaster. The increasing population, deforestation, industrial growth etc can be sighted as the reasons for both natural and human made disasters. The Bhopal gas tragedy in India and September 11 attacks on USA can be considered as two major man made disasters.

Disaster management also called as Emergency Management is all about dealing with all kinds of disasters. Its major objective is to reduce the shocking effects of a disaster on the affected community and to help them return to normal life within a short period. Disaster management is a multi disciplinary area covering a wide range of issues like monitoring, evaluation, search and rescue, relief, reconstruction and rehabilitation operations. This highly responsible profession includes the plans and actions before, during and after the disasters. It is a combination of mechanisms such as timely warning, alerts, fast response and efficient coordination. Even though we cannot stop or avoid natural disasters, it is possible to resist aftermath calamities of such disasters.

Disaster management is the method of controlling a disaster by using skillful ways. Its techniques or methods are based on the economic status of a country and hence it varies from country to country. Disasters are managed better and quicker by the developed countries than the developing countries. Developing countries are reporting high number of deaths related to disaster, and India has second place in it due to its geographical position, climate and geological setting. The course is beneficial for social workers. 

In India, the state and central government take responsibilities of disaster management and the government has included disaster management as a program to study. Many institutes offer courses in Disaster management that would help one to get into the field of emergency supervision. Many government and non-government organizations need emergency management professionals to work for the betterment of society. It is a fairly paid industry and in spite of all the risk, disaster management is one of the careers that give mental satisfaction to those who wants to serve the society.


   environmental career , earth science career

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