Environmental Science
Saturday, October 19, 2019
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Environmental Science : Introduction

  
  
  
  
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Environment is the source of life that provide food, clothing, shelter and other life supporting substances like water, air, sunlight etc to all living beings on earth. Due to the rapid growth in industrialization and urbanization, the natural balance of the environment has been disturbed and as a result, the process of growth and development has become unsustainable. In order to protect and preserve our environment and its invaluable resources, there exists a huge demand for environmental experts. These experts involve themselves in finding different ways to maintain a livable environment.

Environmental science is the branch of science dealing with the study of different components of environment, the factors influencing the changes in the environment and the interdependence of living things within their environment. These include the study of climatic change; conservation of energy; biodiversity; ground water and soil contamination; technologies developed to treat air pollution, sound pollution etc. This interdisciplinary academic field combines physical and biological science context including physics, chemistry, biology, soil science, geology and geography. Wholly, environmental studies incorporate more of the social sciences for understanding human relationships, perceptions and policies towards the environment.

Environmental science is becoming an interesting and one of the most sought after careers because of the increase in awareness about the clean environment. A formal training program in the field of environmental science is needed for those who are interested to build up a career in this field. One can work in this field as environmental scientists, environment educationist, environmental engineers, environmental biologists, environmental modellers, environmental journalists and environment-related technologists working in laboratories that engage in soil and water testing, pollution detection and control.

Environmental science professionals are involved in the study of changes in the earth's atmosphere. They work on subjects like pollution control and mitigation, understanding of earth processes, effects of global climate change, evaluating alternative energy systems, natural resource management etc. Their major objective is to find new ways to improve and conserve the standard of living by examining the circumstances of the environment, recognizing the impact of human actions on earthly and aquatic ecosystems, and developing strategies for restoring ecosystems. Environmental scientists utilize the knowledge of various science and engineering disciplines to protect and preserve the environment. They conduct research studies in order to develop different methods for decreasing and controlling the sources of environmental pollution.

Though environmental science is a broad field of study, no specific separation is needed because its branches overlap with each other. However to make things easier, environmental science has been divided as :

 


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   earth science career , environmental career







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