Wednesday, November 25, 2020
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Geology : Job Prospects & Career Options

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If you find the prospect of working on a wide range of earth-related issues, from resource management to environmental protection to the exciting field of mineral and oil exploration then Geology is the wise career choice for you. Career in Geology is an exciting and interesting option as there is plethora of job opportunities in Geology all over India. People studying geology can work as Geologists, Meteorologists, Geographers or Oceanographers. The person having degree in Geology can pursue a career in Petrology (study of rocks), Paleontology, Geophysics, Mining, Environmental Education, Research and Field Study. Opportunities in Geology range from studying and predicting man-made and natural disasters to exploring mineral resources.

As Geologists play a vital role in the exploration of valuable mineral resources, there are numerous avenues for them both in the public and private sectors. The Union Public Service Commission conducts tests for placements in Central Government Agencies like the Geological Survey of India and the Central Ground water Board. Similarly, Coal India, Mineral Exploration Authority, Oil & Natural Gas Corporation, Hindustan Zinc and several other organisations engaged in mineral explorations utilize the services of Geologists. Geology is also a popular choice in Civil Services and Forest Service Examinations conducted by the UPSC. The Defence and Para-military forces utilize the services of Geologists. One can also join academics by pursuing a PhD or M.Phil in Geology and passing the National Education Test (NET) Conducted by University Grants Commission. Experienced Geologists, especially those with an advanced degree in geology or business administration, can advance to top positions in industry, government, and education sector. These positions may be in research or administration.

Geological scientists, or geoscientists, can specialize in any number of fields. Mineralogists, for example, study rocks, minerals, and precious stones. They classify them according to their composition and structure. Paleontologists work with biologists to determine what the world was like in prehistoric times. They study fossils and layers of rock. Engineering geologists help to determine where to construct dams, lay pipelines, and build roads. Hydrogeologist study abundance, distribution, quality of ground water. Environmental Geologist solve problems with pollution, waste disposal and urban development, and hazards such as flooding and erosion. Petroleum Geologist work include exploration and production of oil and natural gas. Some geologists also study ecology to incorporate protection of the environment in their work. Other geologists may work with geophysicists to predict earthquakes and volcanic eruptions. Petrologist determine origin and genesis of rocks by analyzing mineral or grain relationship. Atmospheric Physicist study effect of terrestrial, atmospheric, and space-based forces on behavior of atmosphere. Planetary Geologist study moon and other planets to understand evolution of solar system.


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